Liability car insurance covers the other driver’s expenses when they are found to be at fault for an accident. This includes medical expenses, property damage, and legal fees if the policyholder is sued.
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The Insurance Law defines liability as the financial responsibility for an accident that causes injury to another person or damages their property. When this happens, liability car insurance pays for the other party’s expenses, up to their policy limits.
When you have a car accident, you should report the incident to the police and your insurance company immediately. Your insurer may send a representative to the scene to collect evidence that will help your case.
In most states, liability coverage is required by law. It can be purchased in different amounts depending on the state you live in and is usually divided into two parts: bodily injury liability and property damage liability.
Bodily injury liability covers the medical costs for people who are injured in an accident that is your fault. It also covers damages to the vehicle that caused the accident if you are found to be at fault.
You must purchase bodily injury coverage that is equal to or greater than the minimums for your state. Most states require the maximum amount to be at least $25,000 per person and $50,000 for all injuries in an accident.
Most states require you to carry at least enough coverage to cover the other driver’s property damages, which include the repair cost of their vehicle and lost wages if they have to take time off work due to the accident.
If you do not have sufficient insurance to cover these costs, you could be sued for the expenses and lost wages. You could face fines, penalties and even lose your license.
Purchasing more liability insurance than the state minimum can be costly, but it is essential in order to protect your assets if you are involved in an accident.
In many cases, you will be found to be at fault for an accident, so it is important to have enough liability coverage to cover the other party’s costs and damages.
Your policy should list your coverage limits in three numbers separated by slash marks. These are the minimums for your coverage in different categories, such as bodily injury liability, property damage liability and uninsured motorist coverage.
Limits are typically listed as a total limit for the policy or for each type of coverage. The higher the limits you purchase, the less money you will have to pay out in a lawsuit in the event of an accident.
Limited tort (also known as no-fault) policies are a common choice for drivers. These policies allow victims to file a personal injury suit against an at-fault party only if they can prove they suffered serious injuries in the accident.
These policies do not typically offer compensation for non-monetary damages such as pain and suffering, which are the most common types of injury claims in accidents.